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Commonly known as pyorrhoea, periodontitis is an inflammation that interests the alveolar bone, the periodontal ligament, the gum and the root cementum, or, in other words, all the periodontium tissues that contribute in maintaining our teeth firm in their position and ensure a correct mastication.
When periodontitis is not diagnosed fairly quickly, it continues to develop, and it becomes always more difficult –in some cases impossible – to save the patient from tooth loss. In fact, as the inflammatory process progresses, the gingival margin comes unstuck and recedes from the dental surface, and the alveolar bone and the supporting fibres waste away, until the tooth is mobile and risks to fall simply by chewing.
A prompt diagnosis of periodontitis in its initial stages allows dentists to adequately take action by stopping the diffusion of the bacterial infection, avoiding the diffusion of the inflammation to all the tissues of the periodontium as well as tooth loss.
Thanks to the development of cutting-edge, quick, non-traumatic and immediate diagnostic tests, it is now possible to prevent periodontitis and its dangerous consequences by promptly recognising the degenerative processes of both the periodontium and per-implant tissues.
The enzymatic tests for periodontitis make use of the high sensibility in the detection of the aMMP-8 enzyme, which is highly already during the first stages of the inflammation of both soft and hard periodontium tissues. Thanks to this test, actions can be taken weeks – sometimes even months – ahead of time if compared to more traditional methods for diagnosing periodontitis based on radiological exams, gum bleeding and dental check-ups.
The enzymatic test, however, is not a substitute of the microbiological test and of the periodontal risk test. The objective of the enzymatic test, in fact, is to instantly verify the presence of periodontal inflammations: if the results are positive, it is fundamental to undergo the entire diagnostic procedures necessary for a correct assessment and cure.
The enzymatic test reveals to be effective even in cases of periimplantitis; in other words, the inflammation of tissues surrounding a dental implant, which oftentimes leads to its removal.
Periimplantitis is caused by the same kind of periodontal bacteria that affect the tissues surrounding an implant, and, if left untreated, it can even lead to the loss of the implant. This is why, before undergoing any implantology surgery, it is very important to exclude the presence of periodontal inflammations in the mouth.
Periodic screenings carried out using the latest technology, rapidity and precision of this diagnostic test, allow to efficiently avoid all problems correlated with a delayed therapy, permitting dental professionals to immediately intervene in a specific way at the first signs of periodontitis, with a noticeably higher margin of success.
The enzymatic test can even be used for pregnant women, who are often prone to develop gestational periodontitis.
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