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Healthy gums don’t bleed: if they bleed it’s a signal that there are problems that shouldn’t be ignored. Noticing blood on your toothbrush when you brush your teeth can in fact be the symptom of serious pathologies.
In most cases, gingival bleeding is caused by an inflammation called gingivitis. Gingivitis has no symptoms aside from bleeding and if it isn’t cured, in time it can cause a disease of the periodontium commonly known as pyorrhea or periodontitis.
Many are the agents that can cause gingivitis: first of all a poor oral hygiene that causes an accumulation of plaque; smoking; an irregular diet lacking fruit and vegetables; an excessive consumption of alcohol and sugar.
In some cases, however, gingival bleeding can be the symptom of more serious diseases such as leukemia. This is because the pathology inhibits the production of platelets making blood coagulation more difficult. The same problem can present itself with immune thrombocytopenic purpura, which, like leukemia, causes a decrease in the production of platelets.
Some medicines, in particular anticoagulants, can also lead to loss of blood. In women, bleeding gums can manifest regularly during periods or when pregnant. The hormonal change in pregnant women, in fact, can cause periodontal diseases.
But when should you really worry?
You should be concerned when you frequently find blood when you are brushing your teeth.
If it persists and is chronic, your gums are not healthy and you should immediately contact a dentist to verify the causes of the bleeding.
The problem is considered chronic when it no longer happens sporadically, but presents itself at ever briefer intervals or daily. In this case, in fact, traumas provoked by an excessively energetic brushing can be excluded, leaving a pathology of the oral cavity as the most probable cause.
Remember that healthy gums have a very specific appearance. Firstly, they must adhere perfectly to the teeth, and they have to form an arch in the space between one tooth and the next. They should never be red or swollen.
If you want to be certain there is a problem and verify its seriousness, there is a sort of test you can do before going to the dentist. First of all take a tissue and dab at your gums while passing an ice cube over it. In this way, when you pull away the tissue you will be able to verify the presence of gingival bleeding.
Gingival bleeding can be a warning of very serious problems and it must never be taken lightly. It is always necessary to see a dentist for a correct diagnosis.
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