PROSTHESES

IMI Clinic

Dental prosthesis replaces lost or compromised natural teeth with artificial teeth. Its purpose is to rehabilitate and restore the oral, joint and aesthetic (veneers) functions.

Types of dental prostheses

Various types of prostheses exist:

  • Prostheses fixed to the natural tooth – recommended when teeth have been destroyed – gives greater strength to the underlying tooth. They can be made in ceramics or composite resin. These prostheses are permanently cemented to the dental pillars and therefore cannot be removed by the patient.
  • Mobile prostheses are divided into partial and total prostheses. As the name implies, they can be removed by the patient when carrying out their daily hygiene routine.
  • Total prostheses (dentures) are used in case of total edentulism (lack of teeth) and represent an economical and “rapid” solution for restoring the oral functions. However with the as time passes they lose their stability due to gradual bone resorption that occurs.
  • Partial prostheses are used if a patient has only a few teeth. They are anchored to existing teeth, however this type of treatment has a number of disadvantages apparent on a periodontal level: as the masticatory forces are discharged in full on these teeth,  there is a consequent loss of tissue and therefore also loss of stability.
  • Combined prostheses are total prostheses (they replace the entire edentulous arch) and allow the patient to remove and clean them. They are well anchored and stabilised as a result of several implants in osseointegrated titanium (well integrated with the bone).  Combined prostheses have an added advantage of being more stable than total protheses.
  • Fixed prostheses on implants is arguably the best solution due to functionality and aesthetics. Single missing teeth and entire arches onto which the artificial teeth will be anchored can permanently replace destroyed teeth.  This type of prosthesis allows remaining teeth and mouth health to be saved.

IMI Clinic use materials such as zirconium (a strong aesthetic metal) and integral ceramics (natural materials) that ensure excellent cosmetic results. All prostheses are moulded to fit the specific requirements of each patient in order to guarantee perfect occlusion, the right sized interdental spaces, a correct axial curvature and a correct rounding of the cusps. These standards ensure aesthetic aspects and correct functionality.

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