ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT

IMI Clinic

Dental-facial orthopaedic (more commonly known as orthodontics), is a specialised branch of dentistry dedicated to the diagnosis, prevention, control and correction of problems in the jaw and dental structures in order to achieve and maintain correct occlusal relations and proper aesthetic harmony of the craniofacial complex.

Not just straight teeth: the malocclusions

The correcting of “malocclusions” to restore a correct dental position and good skeletal relationship between the upper and lower jaws reaches beyond the mere aesthetic benefits.

Misaligned teeth and incorrect occlusion can cause a whole series of problems, including:

  • Psycho-social issues (poor acceptance of one’s facial aesthetics)
  • Chewing, swallowing and phonation problems
  • Functional problems (temporomandibular joint disorders, lack of coordination and difficulty in jaw movements, pain/muscle tension)
  • Increased susceptibility to dental trauma and periodontal problems;
  • Orthodontics in growing subjects

In some cases it may be necessary to intervene early on in life during the growth stage with orthopaedic-orthodontic devices. “Interceptive Orthodontics” aims to prevent and correct all  problems that can occur during craniofacial development, by acting on malocclusion before this becomes structured at the skeletal level in more or less severe forms over time.

By intervening early with malocclusion it is possible to:

  • Correct and eliminate any bad habits (such as, swallowing, thumb-sucking, breathing through the mouth);to reduce the risks of trauma affecting the permanent teeth (protruding front teeth);
  • Influence and positively guide jaw development;
  • Guide the permanent teeth into a more favourable position;
  • Simplify and shorten the orthodontic treatment of the permanent teeth;
  • Reduce or eliminate the need to extract any permanent teeth;
  • Reduce or eliminate the need to resort to orthognathic/maxillofacial surgery in adulthood;
  • Increase the stability of the results obtained.

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Orthodontics in adult patients

orthodontic treatment periodontitis

Orthodontics is an integral part of a multidisciplinary treatment, that involves prostheses and periodontics as well as aesthetic dentistry. Frequently, before proceeding with an appropriate prosthetic and aesthetic rehabilitation, or for maintaining the results obtained with periodontal therapy stable over time, it may be necessary to intervene with orthodontics to correct and reposition the teeth:

  • Preparation for implant-prosthetic rehabilitation
  • Closure of diastemas
  • Elimination of occlusal trauma
  • Bruxism

The new technologies: Invisalign

Thanks to an advanced process of imaging and 3D computer graphics, it is now possible to perform orthodontic treatment without the use of the traditional anchorage  and metal wires. A series of invisible, removable masks (“aligners”), personalised to fit the mouth of the individual patient will gradually shift the teeth towards the desired position prescribed by the orthodontist.

The advantages of Invisalign

The aligners are completely transparent, therefore nobody will ever notice the orthodontic treatment in progress. There is  no discomfort for the patient during this as the shifting is gradual and achieved by applying forces with only a mild exertion. It eliminates any inflammation of the periodontal tissues and the soreness often associated with orthodontic treatment with traditional bands (or braces). Brief duration of the check-ups at the specialist’s. The aligners can be removed.

The patient does not need to make dietary sacrifices or changes to their normal diet. It is advisable for the patient to keep up with the correct dental hygiene at home during the entire duration of the treatment to ensure the health of the periodontal tissues.

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