Pyorrhea or Periodontal Disease

IMI Clinic

What is periodontitis or pyorrhea?

The term pyorrhea comes from the Greek words for “discharge of pus.”
This disease afflicts the periodontium, i.e. the organ that holds up the teeth and is made up of gingiva, bone, and ligament. It is an inflammation that causes the periodontal tissues to bleed and in the most critical cases leads to the formation of pus.

The symptoms of periodontitis are easily self-diagnosed:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Halitosis
  • Receding gums
  • Painful gums
  • Loose teeth

Pyorrhea is bacterial in nature.

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Gingivitis treatment LeedsConnections between pyorrhea and other diseases

Lack of knowledge of the symptoms of periodontitis has a negative impact on its prevention, which is fundamental to avoid this dangerous pathology.

The final outcome of the disease is tooth loss. This however can be avoided without steep economical and biological costs thanks to an intervention, carried out at the onset of the first symptoms.

It is important to keep in mind that pyorrhea can contribute to the onset of other diseases. The bacteria responsible for periodontitis and their toxins easily penetrate into the system through the oral capillaries, dilated by the infection.

Normally white blood cells quickly eliminate microorganisms from the blood. However if the disease worsens or if other pathologies occur (such as flu) some bacteria can escape the immune system’s control and colonize in other parts of the body, even far from the mouth.

This is why we recommend specific periodontitis check-ups if you have diabetes, arteriosclerosis, or osteoporosis. Many systemic diseases are in fact connected to periodontitis.


Non-surgical pyorrhea treatment

Modern dentistry no longer attempts to solve the problems caused by pyorrhea with surgery. On the contrary, it cures pyorrhea by eliminating its cause: bacteria.

Thanks to the combined use of high power lasers, surgical microscope, and molecular biology exams, the causes of pyorrhea are tackled. Hence it becomes much easier to cure in a less invasive manner: two important advantages for the patient’s wellbeing.


slide01.jpgPyorrhea: traditional treatment

The traditional treatment of pyorrhea involves surgery: it is quite an invasive and painful procedure.

The biggest drawback of traditional therapies is that a positive outcome isn’t guaranteed. The disease can in fact relapse, because with surgery the bacteria of pyorrhea are not eliminated and the cause of the disease remains.

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