Chronic Gingivitis

IMI Clinic

Gingivitis and periodontitis

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the tissues that support the teeth due to plaque and tartar usually caused by poor oral hygiene.

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If you have gums that bleed when you simply brush them, or when you use dental floss, or your gums are red and inflamed.. these are all symptoms of gingivitis. Bleeding is due to continuous contact with the acids produced by bacterial colonies found in plaque; a patina that is colonized by germs and bacteria that forms on the surface of the teeth.

Tartar, a very hard deposit that is caused by a mineralization process, forms if the bacterial plaque is not removed by means of proper oral hygiene.

Tartar can only be removed using professional methods and it adheres under the gums which can then cause very dangerous periodontal pockets to form: this, in fact, is what allows periodontitis to occur- a serious disease that destroys the teeth’s supporting tissues, which leads to loose teeth and then to eventual tooth loss.

When the inflammation that is caused by gingivitis isn’t properly treated, it becomes chronic and the symptoms of periodontal disease start to appear.

In fact, people that often ignore the initial symptoms will then finally decide to see a dentist only after they can no longer ignore the signs since they are evident and the gingivitis has become chronic.

Symptoms of chronic gingivitis:

  • Frequent bleeding
  • Receding gums
  • Loose / wiggling teeth
  • Pus discharging out of the gums
  • Bad breath

chronic gingivitis


It is worth pointing out that there are factors that favour the onset of chronic gingivitis or that worsen the situation.

Among these factors, in addition to poor oral hygiene, the immune system can become impaired, which is a consequence of certain immune system disorders, diabetes, smoking and taking certain medications such as corticosteroids.

When a person suffers from chronic gingivitis it is important for her or him to go in as soon as possible for a dental check up in order to get a diagnosis so that he or she is able to properly assess the situation and so that something can be done about the problem quickly before the situation gets worse.

The dentist will proceed to treat the affected areas and to eliminate any bacterial pockets, whenever it is necessary, he or she will also proceed to the reconstruct the part of the tooth that was destroyed.  Therefore, antibiotics will become necessary in order to eliminate the infected area.

In order to prevent the re-occurrence of chronic gingivitis, the patient must visit the dentist regularly, according to the deadlines set forth by the doctor. Proper oral hygiene can be maintained through brushing, flossing, a cleaning rod and chlorhexidine mouthwash.

Dietary rules are also very important: foods with a high sugar intake should be avoided. Foods such as raw crisp apples, carrots, and celery help to clean the teeth, remove plaque, as well as massage the gums.

Finally, it should be noted that all forms of gingivitis can become dangerous to your overall health because harmful bacteria can migrate from the mouth to other parts of the body, which can impair some organs from functioning.


Do you have gingivitis? Then contact IMI Clinic’s team of specialists today for a personalized consultation.

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