Bleeding and Receding gums

IMI Clinic

When gums bleed

Healthy gums don’t bleed, therefore, if they do bleed, it’s a red flag that there are problems that should not be underestimated: if you notice that there is blood on your toothbrush when you brush your teeth it is, in fact, very often also an indicator that there’s a serious problem.

Most of the time, bleeding gums are provoked by an inflammatory disease such as gingivitis. Gingivitis, if not for bleeding and receding gums, is asymptomatic and if not treated in time, can cause a pathology of the periodontium, known as periodontitis.

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Causes of sore gums and gingivitis

Multiple agents can cause gingivitis: the first cause is poor oral hygiene, which can provoke an accumulation of plaque. Smoking; an irregular diet that is low in fruits and vegetables; and an excessive consumption of sugar and alcohol also may contribute as well.

Anyway, in some cases, bleeding gums can be attributed to more serious diseases, such as leukaemia, which inhibits the production of platelets, which makes blood coagulation difficult. The same problem may occur when a person is affected by idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), and just like leukaemia, it also decreases the production of platelets.

Some pharmaceuticals, especially anticoagulants, can cause blood to leak from the gums. Bleeding gums may occur frequently and regularly to some women during their menstrual cycle, or during pregnancy. In fact, people dealing with hormonal changes during these specific periods are indeed subject to periodontal disease.

How seriously should one take this concern?

If while brushing your teeth you frequently notice blood on your toothbrush you should certainly take concern.

If the problem is in fact persistent and chronic, then surely your gums are not healthy, and therefore, it is important to go immediately to a specialist to investigate and to find out the possible cause of bleeding, possibly before you are afflicted with receding gums.

therapy for receding gums, bleeding gums and sore gums

When gingivitis becomes chronic

The problem is considered chronic when it no longer happens occasionally, but rather the time in between flair ups becomes increasingly shorter, or it may even happen daily. You can, at that point, exclude the possibility that it’s caused by trauma which is due to excessive or to aggressive tooth brushing and you are most likely able to associate it with an oral cavity pathology.

You should always keep in mind that healthy gums always have a very specific appearance. First of all, they must attach perfectly to the teeth and secondly, gums should never be red or swollen.

If you want to be sure of whether or not you have gum disease, and want to know the extent of the problem, then you must first go to a specialist that can do a kind of “litmus test.” The first thing you do is get a tissue or a small piece of white paper and dab your gums, and then going over it with an ice cube. That way, when you pull up the tissue you can see if weather or not there is any blood present.

Bleeding gums are always a red flag and a sign that there are serious problems that should never be taken lightly (among which, receding gums). Therefore, you must always go to your dentist in order to get a proper diagnosis.


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