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Periodontitis is an infectious disease caused by microorganisms (bacteria) that invade the structures that support the teeth, thus causing chronic inflammation of varying degrees of severity.
The area contaminated by bacteria is the periodontium, consisting of the tissues that surround the teeth and keep it attached to the bone tissue. More specifically, the periodontium is made up of:
Chronic infection of the periodontium, which is extremely frequent in adults, causes progressive bone resorption and in the more severe cases, loss of the affected teeth.
Periodontitis symptoms that should be kept under control and immediately communicated to a specialised periodontist are as follows:
It is very important never to underestimate these symptoms as they can lead to an advanced stage of the disease with the subsequent loss of teeth.
Periodontal disease is normally caused by a number of interrelated factors, but the most common is due to poor oral hygiene. Ensuring you have a good daily oral hygiene routine at home is the first and most important step in preventing the onset of the symptoms of periodontal disease, together with regular check-ups at the dentist. Poor oral hygiene allows the plaque to concentrate in the areas that are most difficult to reach with a toothbrush. Subsequently the plaque turns into tartar, which, if not removed quickly, triggers inflammation that can become chronic.
Chronic inflammation of the periodontium destroys the connections between the tooth and the gum, causing bone resorption, and finally giving rise to periodontitis.
We would recommend that anyone experiencing any of the above symptoms: contact us for a consultation. Our team will make a diagnosis and if necessary, create a personalised treatment programme using the IMI Clinic’s method aiming to counteract periodontitis with non-surgical, pain-free, and non-invasive procedures.
Recent studies have also reinforced the theory that once the bacteria associated with periodontal disease get into the bloodstream this can provoke persistent bacteraemia, thereby playing both a direct and indirect role in the onset of numerous other associated diseases. In particular, cardiovascular disease (heart attack and stroke), diabetes, lung disease, pregnancy complications and osteoporosis. IMI clinic promotes, sponsors and finances research projects in the field, and use their findings to offer on-going sharing the results with all the training and periodic refresher courses to its dentists, hygienists, and auxiliary staff.
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