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Diabetes and its consequences on oral health

Posted on 20 February 2020 with 0 comments

Is there a correlation between diabetes and oral health? What are the implications of the former on the latter?

The connection between greater or less severe dental conditions and diabetes exists and should never be underestimated but rather understood and managed correctly to reduce any dangerous effect. It is also necessary to remember that there is a strong link between diabetes and oral health, although its general knowledge is often too limited.

It is not unusual to discover that a diabetic patient also suffers from oral health issues. The most common symptoms of this dangerous link include bleeding gums, gingival retraction, dry mouth, halitosis, and periodontal disease.

Why? Essentially, an individual suffering from diabetes is by nature more subject to infectious diseases, and dental conditions such as pyorrhoea, cavities and gingivitis are caused by the presence of plaque and tartar that are deposited on the surface of the teeth. This is why people who suffer from Type 3 diabetes, in particular, are three times more prone to develop diseases such as periodontitis. They can also experience faster dental degeneration than any other non-diabetic patient.

Oral prevention is the first and essential step to keep your mouth in optimal conditions: a careful and constant oral hygiene protocol at home and regular check-ups (every six months) at your periodontist, combined with a professional oral hygiene session will allow you not only to keep track of possible symptoms but also to manage them appropriately whenever necessary.

The link between diabetes and mouth diseases: ten rules to keep in mind

  1. Diabetic patients have a much higher risk of contracting oral and periodontal pathologies than any non-diabetic patient. Prevention is always the primary weapon for countering the onset of any symptom in time.
  2. Oral infections in diabetic patients must be monitored carefully and consistently. As for periodontal disease, the IMI protocol provides the integrated use of laser and surgical microscope for a less invasive procedure.
  3. Diabetic patients that are treated for dental problems should be monitored with the utmost care, especially regarding risk factors and blood glucose control.
  4. The diabetic patient wearing fixed dental prostheses should be kept under control regularly, since the risk of contracting peri-implantitis is also higher than that of any patient not suffering from diabetes.
  5. In the case of the application of dental implants, it is always advisable to pay attention to the quality of the materials and to the presence of adequate certificates of conformity/implant certificates.
  6. Since diabetic patients could have a limited production of saliva, the dentist will recommend foods and/or possible pharmacological therapies to improve the hydration of the oral mucosa and reduce the risk of acidity in the mouth.
  7. Whenever lesions affect the oral mucosa, the diabetic patient should immediately ask their dentist for advice, especially is the wounds come in contact with the dental prosthesis.
  8. The diabetic patient is more prone to fungal infections. Toothbrushes and dental prostheses will be handled with maximum hygienic care. Toothbrushes should always be replaced every two months or after influenza or infections.
  9. To control each patient and especially in the case of a diabetic patient, the dentist will check their mouth regularly and systematically. Any alteration will be monitored.
  10. Diabetic patients can be subjected to anaesthesia for the insertion of dental implants, if necessary, only if blood glucose values are adequately controlled.

Would you like a check-up to assess the health of your oral cavity? Get in touch with IMI clinic now!

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