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The use of laser in dentistry as an alternative to the scalpel and traditional surgery, makes it possible to treat patients with less invasive, less painful and often more accurate technologies that can give better results.
The use of laser in dentistry represents an excellent support in both less severe and very complex cases, thanks to a wide range of advantages that can be summarised as follows:
What are the main effects of the use of laser in dentistry?
It has a bactericidal effect, with a reduction in the bacterial component of the plaque, thus completely eliminating, in association with mechanical therapy, some strains of the main bacteria responsible for periodontitis (Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans, Bacteroides forsythus, Prevotella intermedia, and Porphyromonas gingivalis)It ensures a slower bacterial re-colonisation in the sites treated with laser compared to those treated with mechanical therapy alone. This phenomenon seems to be associated with coagulation that often forms during the decontamination with laser, creating a seal between the oral cavity and the periodontal pocket.
It removes the epithelium of the sulcus, and the granulation tissue, without compromising the underlying connective tissue. Additionally, it reduces the bioburden and significantly decreases the depth of the probing.
It has a biostimulating and anti-oedematous effect. In other words, it has the capacity to induce a much faster cellular duplication in the irradiated tissues without causing any alterations of a structural and/or functional nature.
Other important features of the diode laser include- its ability to provide greater decontamination of the sites with SLTI probing (greater than 5 mm) and the multi-rooted elements, where it is more difficult to enter and remove the aetiological elements mechanically.
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